GI Tags Quiz

List of Geographical Indications – GI Tags in India and Quiz 2021

Geographical Indications – GI Tags

GI Tags : Latest Update: Gucci Mushroom from Jammu and Kashmir is in the news as GI Tag is sought for it. It belongs to the agriculture sector; while there are a few others from the handicraft sector for which GI tags are sought for. Those are – Basohli Pashmina & Painting, Tweed fabric, Loi blankets from Kishtwar and Chikri craft. Hence, aspirants should know what is a GI Tag and what is its significance. 

GI tag is the abbreviation of Geographical Indications tags in India. It came into force with effect from 15th September 2003. Darjeeling Tea was the first Indian product to get a GI tag. This article will discuss more such information on GI in detail. 

Government has allotted GI Tags to Kashmir Saffron and Manipuri Black Rice recently.

GI tags to 4 new products from 3 different states in August 2019.

  1. Palani Panchamirtham in Palani Town, Tamil Nadu
  2. Tawlhlohpuan from Mizoram
  3. Mizo Puanchei from Mizoram
  4. Tirur Betel leaf from Kerala

Madhya Pradesh’s plea to put state’s basmati rice under Geographical Indication tag was recently dismissed.

List of GI Tags 2021

Note: The GI Tags 2021 will be updated here as and when announced for any products.

Various products from different states received GI tags in 2019-20 which includes Jeeraphool from Chhattisgarh, Himachali Kala Zeera, Kandhamal Haldi from Odisha, etc. the complete list of geographical indications tagged products for 2019-20 is given below:

GI Tags 2019-2020

ProductsCategoriesStates/UTs
Kashmir SaffronAgricultureJammu & Kashmir
Manipuri Black RiceFood StuffManipur
Kandhamal Haladi Agricultural Odisha
Rasagola Food Stuff Odisha
Kodaikanal Malai Poondu Agricultural Tamil Nadu
Pawndum Handicraft Mizoram
Ngotekherh Handicraft Mizoram
HmaramHandicraft Mizoram
Palani PanchamirthamFood Stuff Tamil Nadu
Tawlhlohpuan Handicraft Mizoram
Mizo Puanchei Handicraft Mizoram
Gulbarga Tur Dal Agricultural Karnataka
Tirur Betel Leaf (Tirur Vettila)Agricultural Kerala
Khola Chilli Agricultural Goa
Idu Mishmi Textiles Handicraft Arunachal Pradesh
Dindigul Locks Manufactured Tamil Nadu
Kandangi Saree Handicraft Tamil Nadu
Srivilliputtur Palkova Food Stuff Tamil Nadu
Kaji Nemu Agricultural Assam

State-Wise List of GI Tags in India

The GI tags allotted to the handicraft, agricultural, food or manufactured products are listed down below state-wise:

GI Tags 2019-2020

Indian StateGT Tags
Andhra PradeshSrikalahasthi Kalamkari
Kondapalli Bommallu
Machilipatnam Kalamkari
Budithi Bell & Brass Metal Craft
Andhra Pradesh Leather Puppetry
Uppada Jamdani Sarees
Venkatagiri Sarees
Bobbili Veena
Mangalagiri Sarees and Fabrics
Dharmavaram Handloom Pattu Sarees And Paavadas
Udayagiri Wooden Cutlery
Durgi Stone Carvings
Etikoppaka Toys
Allagadda Stone Carving 
Tirupati Laddu
Bandar Laddu
Guntur Sannam Chilli
Araku Valley Arabica Coffee
Arunachal PradeshIdu Mishmi Textiles
Arunachal Orange
AssamMuga Silk of Assam
Muga Silk of Assam (Logo)
Assam Karbi Anglong Ginger
Joha Rice of Assam
Tezpur Litchi
Boka Chaul
Kaji Nemu
BiharMadhubani Paintings
Applique (Khatwa) Work of Bihar
Sujini Embroidery Work of Bihar
Sikki Grass Products of Bihar
Bhagalpur Silk
Applique (Khatwa) Work of Bihar (Logo)
Sikki Grass Products of Bihar (Logo)
Sujini Embroidery Work of Bihar(Logo)
Bhagalpuri Zardalu
Katarni Rice
Maghai Paan
Shahi Litchi of Bihar
Silao Khaja
ChattisgarhBastar Dhokra
Bastar Wooden Craft
Bastar Iron Craft
GoaKhola Chilli
Feni
GujaratSankheda Furniture
Agates of Cambay
Kutch Embroidery
Tangaliya Shawl 
Surat Zari Craft
Kachchh Shawls
Patan Patola
Sankheda Furniture (Logo)
Kutch Embroidery (Logo)
Agates of Cambay (Logo)
Jamnagari Bandhani
RajKot Patola 
Pethapur Printing Blocks
Gir Kesar Mango
Bhalia Wheat
Himachal PradeshKullu Shawl
Kangra Tea
Chamba Rumal
Kinnauri Shawl
Kullu ShawL (Logo)
Kangra Paintings
Himachali Kala Zeera
Himachali Chulli Oil
Jammu & KashmirKani Shawl
Kashmir Pashmina
Kashmir Paper Machie
Kashmir Walnut Wood Carving 
Khatamband
Kashmiri Hand Knotted Carpet
Saffron (Mongra, Lachha, Guchhi)
JharkhandSohrai – Khovar Painting
KarnatakaMysore Silk
Bidriware
Channapatna Toys & Dolls
Mysore Rosewood Inlay
Kasuti Embroidery
Mysore Traditional Paintings
Ilkal Sarees
Ganjifa Cards of Mysore
Navalgund Durries 
Karnataka Bronzeware
Sandur Lambani Embroidery
Kinhal Toys
Udupi Sarees
Mysore Silk (Logo)
Coorg Orange
Mysore Betel leaf
Nanjangud Banana
Udupi Mallige
Mysore Mallige
Hadagali Mallige
Coorg Green Cardamom
Devanahalli Pomelo
Appemidi Mango
Kamalapur Red Banana
Bangalore Blue Grapes
Coorg Arabica Coffee
Chikmagalur Arabica Coffee
Bababudangiri Arabica Coffee
Sirsi Supari
Gulbarga Tur Dal  
Dharwad Pedha
Mysore Agarbathi
Mysore Sandalwood Oil
Mysore Sandal soap
KeralaTirur Betel Leaf (Tirur Vettila) 
Alleppey Coir
Navara Rice 
Palakkadan Matta Rice
Alleppey Green Cardamom
Maddalam of Palakkad
Screw Pine Craft of Kerala
Brass Broidered Coconut Shell Crafts of Kerala
Pokkali Rice 
Vazhakulam Pineapple
Cannanore Home Furnishings
Balaramapuram Sarees and Fine Cotton Fabrics
Kasaragod Sarees
Kuthampully Sarees
Central Travancore Jaggery
Wayanad Jeerakasala Rice A
Wayanad Gandhakasala Rice
Payyannur Pavithra Ring
Chendamangalam Dhoties & Set Mundu
Kaipad Rice 
Chengalikodan Nendran Banana
Kuthampully Dhoties & Set Mundu
Maddalam of Palakkad (Logo)
Brass Broidered Coconut Shell Craft of Kerala (Logo)
Screw Pine Craft of Kerala (Logo
Nilambur Teak
Wayanad Robusta Coffee
Marayoor Jaggery (Marayoor Sharkara)
Madhya PradeshChanderi Sarees
Leather Toys of Indore 
Bagh Prints of Madhya Pradesh
Bell Metal Ware of Datia and Tikamgarh
Maheshwar Sarees & Fabrics
Bell Metal Ware of Datia and Tikamgarh (Logo) 
Leather Toys of Indore (Logo)
Ratlami Sev
Bagh Prints of Madhya Pradesh (Logo )
Jhabua Kadaknath Black Chicken Meat
MaharashtraSolapur Chaddar
Solapur Terry Towel
Puneri Pagadi
Nashik Valley Wine
Paithani Sarees and Fabrics
Mahabaleshwar Strawberry
Nashik Grapes
Kolhapur Jaggery
Ajara Ghansal Rice
Mangalwedha Jowar
Sindhudurg & Ratnagiri Kokum
Waghya Ghevada
Navapur Tur Dal
Vengurla Cashew
Lasalgaon Onion
Sangli Raisins
Beed Custard Apple
Jalna Sweet Orange
Waigaon Turmeric
Purandar Fig
Jalgaon Bharit Brinjal
Solapur Pomegranate
Bhiwapur Chil
Ambemohar Rice
Dahanu Gholvad Chikoo
Jalgaon Banana
Marathwada Kesar Mango
Karvath Kati Sarees & Fabrics
Alphonso
Sangli Turmeric
ManipurShaphee Lanphee
Wangkhei Phee
Moirang Phee
Kachai Lemon
Chak-Hao
MeghalayaKhasi Mandarin
Memong Narang
MizoramMizo Chilli
Pawndum
Ngotekherh
Hmaram
Tawlhlohpuan
Mizo Puanchei
NagalandNaga Mircha
Naga Tree Tomato
Chakhesang Shawl
OdishaKotpad Handloom fabric
 Orissa Ikat 
Konark Stone carving
Orissa Pattachitra
Pipli Applique Work
Khandua Saree and Fabrics
Gopalpur Tussar Fabrics
Ganjam Kewda Rooh
Ganjam Kewda Flower
Dhalapathar Parda & Fabrics 
Sambalpuri Bandha Saree & Fabrics
Bomkai Saree & Fabrics
Habaspuri Saree & Fabrics 
Berhampur Patta (Phoda Kumbha) Saree & Joda
Orissa Pattachitra (Logo)
Kandhamal Haladi
Odisha Rasagola
RajasthanKota Doria
Blue Pottery of Jaipur
Molela Clay Work
Kathputlis of Rajasthan
Bikaneri Bhujia
Kota Doria (Logo)
Bagru Hand Block Print
Thewa Art Work
Makrana Marble
Molela Clay Work of Rajasthan (Logo)
Blue Pottery of Jaipur (Logo)
Kathputlis of Rajasthan (Logo)
Pokaran Pottery
Tamil NaduSalem Fabric
Kancheepuram Silk 
Kancheepuram Silk
Madurai Sungudi
Coimbatore Wet Grinder
Thanjavur Paintings
Temple Jewellery of Nagercoil
Thanjavur Art Plate
East India Leather
Salem Silk known as Salem Venpattu
Kovai Kora Cotton Sarees
Arani Silk
Swamimalai Bronze Icons
Eathamozhi Tall Coconut
Thanjavur Doll
Nilgiri (Orthodox)
Virupakshi Hill Banana
Sirumalai Hill Banana
Madurai Malli
Pattamadai Pai (“Pattamadai Mat”) 
Nachiarkoil Kuthuvilakku (“Nachiarkoil Lamp”)
Chettinad Kottan
Toda Embroidery
Thanjavur Veenai
Thanjavur Art Plate (Logo)
Swamimalai Bronze Icons (Logo)
Temple Jewellery of Nagercoil (Logo)
Mahabalipuram Stone Sculpture 
Erode Manjal (Erode Turmeric)
Thirubuvanam Silk Sarees
Kodaikanal Malai Poondu
Palani Panchamirtham
Dindigul Locks
Kandangi Saree
Srivilliputtur Palkova
Kovilpatti Kadalai Mittai
Thanjavur Pith Works
Arumbavur Wood Carvings
TripuraTripura Queen Pineapple
TelanganaPochampally Ikat
Silver Filigree of Karimnagar
Nirmal Toys and Craft
Nirmal Furniture
Nirmal Paintings
Gadwal Sarees
Hyderabad Haleem
Cheriyal Paintings
Siddipet Gollabhama
Narayanpet Handloom Sarees
Pochampally Ikat (Logo)
Adilabad Dokra
Warangal Durries
Telia Rumal
Uttar PradeshAllahabad Surkha Guava 
Lucknow Chikan Craft 
Malihabadi Dusseheri mango
Banaras Brocades and Sarees
Hand Made Carpet of Bhadohi
Agra Durrie 
Farrukhabad Prints 
Lucknow Zardozi 
Banaras Brocades and Sarees (Logo) 
Kalanamak Rice
Firozabad Glass 
Kannauj Perfume 
Kanpur Saddlery 
Moradabad Metal Craft
Saharanpur Wood Craft
Meerut Scissors 
Khurja Pottery 
Banaras Gulabi Meenakari Craft 
Varanasi Wooden Lacquerware & Toys 
Mirzapur Handmade Dari
Nizamabad Black Pottery
Banaras Métal Repoussé Craft
Varanasi Glass beads 
Ghazipur Wall Hanging 
Varanasi Soft Stone Jali Work 
Chunar Balua Patthar 
Gorakhpur Terracotta
West BengalDarjeeling Tea (word & logo)
Nakshi Kantha
Santiniketan Leather Goods
Malda Laxman Bhog Mango
Khirsapati (Himsagar) mangoes
Malda Fazli Mango
Santipur Saree
Baluchari Saree
Dhaniakhali Saree
Joynagar Moa
Bardhaman Sitabhog
Bardhaman Mihidana
Gobindobhog Rice
Tulaipanji Rice
Banglar Rasogolla 
Bankura Panchmura Terracotta Craft 
Bengal Patachitra
Purulia Chhau Mask
Wooden Mask of Kushmandi
Madur kathi

What is GI Tag?

A GI or Geographical Indication is a name or a sign given to certain products that relate to a specific geographical location or origins like a region, town or country.

Using Geographical Indications may be regarded as a certification that the particular product is produced as per traditional methods, has certain specific qualities, or has a particular reputation because of its geographical origin.

Geographical indications are typically used for wine and spirit drinks, foodstuffs, agricultural products, handicrafts, and industrial products.

GI Tag ensures that none other than those registered as authorized users are allowed to use the popular product name. In order to function as a GI, a sign must identify a product as originating in a given place.

Who accords and regulates Geographical Indications?

Geographical Indications are covered as a component of intellectual property rights (IPRs) under the Paris Convention for the Protection of Industrial Property. At the International level, GI is governed by the World Trade Organisation’s (WTO’s) Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS). In India, Geographical Indications registration is administered by the Geographical Indications of Goods (Registration and Protection) Act, 1999 which came into force with effect from September 2003. The first product in India to be accorded with GI tag was Darjeeling tea in the year 2004-05.

Benefits of GI Tags

The Geographical Indication registration confers the following benefits:

  • Legal protection to the products
  • Prevents unauthorised use of GI tag products by others
  • It helps consumers to get quality products of desired traits and is assured of authenticity
  • Promotes the economic prosperity of producers of GI tag goods by enhancing their demand in national and international markets

Along with the benefits, there are certain issues associated with GI tags as well. Off late, there has been a rise in disputes over the question of the place of origin of the product under consideration. This gets aggravated due to a lack of clear historical evidence. 

For example, the disputes surrounding the origin of Roshogulla, a popular dessert, from eastern India. Both West Bengal and Odisha claim that the dessert originated in their own states. By ‘winning’ a GI tag, each state is looking to promote its own cultural and regional jingoism over the other.

As a point of discussion, this sort of unhealthy competition tends to polarise the country on regional, cultural and linguistic lines. Most states in their rush to corner as many GI tags as possible have forgotten to pay attention to enhance the value of products already having a GI tag. 

As a result, neither the local community nor the customer is benefitting economically. This trend undercuts the very idea of GI protection to native endemic products.

Significance of GI Tags

A geographical indication right facilitates those who have the right to use the indication to prohibit its usage by a third party whose product does not conform to the applicable standards.

For example, in the purview in which the Darjeeling geographical indication is protected, producers of Darjeeling tea can omit the term “Darjeeling” for tea not grown in their tea gardens or not produced according to the norms set out in the code of practice for the geographical indication.

However, a protected GI does not permit the holder to forbid someone from making a product using the same approaches as those set out in the standards for that indication. Protection for a GI tag is usually procured by acquiring a right over the sign that constitutes the indication.

Role of GI in Rural Development

Geographical indications are mostly traditional products, produced by rural communities over generations that have gained prominence on the markets for their precise qualities.

The recognition and protection of the markets of these products allow the producers’ community to devote and maintaining the precise qualities of the product on which the reputation is built. This might also allow them to invest together in promoting the reputation of the product.

Some of the observed rural development impacts of GI are:

  • The supply chain is structured around a common product reputation
  • Increased and stabilised prices for the GI product
  • Distributed through all the levels of the supply chain adds value
  • Natural resources can be preserved on which the product is based
  • Preservation of traditions and traditional expertise
  • Tourism can be boosted

Geographical Indications Protection

Geographical indications are protected and preserved in various countries and regional systems through a wide array of approaches and often using a consolidation of two or more approaches. 

There are three major ways to protect a geographical indication:

  1. So-called sui generis systems (i.e. special regimes of protection)
  2. Using collective or certification marks
  3. Techniques concentrating on business practices, including administrative product approval schemes

These approaches have been developed in consonance with different legal practices and within a framework of individual historical and economic conditions.

The approaches to protect GI comprise differences with respect to critical questions like conditions for protection or the scope of protection. On the other hand, the two modes of protection mentioned above namely sui generis systems and collective or certification mark systems, share some common characteristics, such as the fact that they set up rights for collective use by those who comply with defined standards.

Way Forward for GI

  • The tag for geographical indications needs to be allotted only after a thorough historical and empirical inquiry.
  • For products whose origin can’t be effectively traced, either both the states should be given ownership or none of the regions is provided with the GI tag.
  • The focus of the states and the community needs to shift from mere certification for the sake of region and instead divert all resources towards active promotion of the product and its respective industry.

Summary of Geographical Indications in India

  • Geographical Indications of Goods are defined as that aspect of industrial property, which refers to the geographical indication referring to a country or to a place situated therein as being the country or place of origin of that product.
  • Under Articles 1 (2) and 10 of the Paris Convention for the Protection of Industrial Property, geographical indications are covered as an element of IPRs.
  • Typically, the GI tag conveys an assurance of quality and distinctiveness which is essentially attributable to the fact of its origin in that defined geographical locality, region or country.
  • They are also covered under Articles 22 to 24 of the TRIPS -Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights Agreement, which was part of the Agreements concluding the Uruguay Round of GATT negotiations.
  • Promoters of Geographical indications regard them as strong tools for protecting their national property rights. Opponents, however, consider GI as a barrier to trade.

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